Vodka has the lowest calorific value in any liquor. Vodka is not only made in Russia but also in countries like Poland, France and USA. Vodkas made from potatoes, beets, corn and grapes are suitable for people with gluten intolerance. Vodka can be mixed with tonic, seltzer water or cranberry juice. Good examples of vodka are drinks like Screwdriver, Bloody Mary, Martini, Cosmopolitan and Moscow Mule. These drinks pair well with foods like cheese, smoked salmon or pickles.
Rum has Caribbean origins and is made from sugarcane or molasses. Rum is normally paired with fruity and sweet flavours due to its tropical origins and contains both dark and light varieties but the light ones are more common. Some examples are Cuba Libre, Daquiri, Pina Colada and Mojito. Rum is best consumed with foods like ribs, jerk chicken or sweet potatoes. The dark variety can also be used for cooking.
Gin has its roots in the Netherlands and is originally used for medicinal purposes. Gin is already naturally flavoured so it does not need that much mixing. A gin needs to be distilled with juniper berries to be truly called a jin. Good examples of Jin are Gin Martini, Tom Collins, Gin Fizz and French 75. Gin is best paired with foods like fruit, cheese and nuts.
Tequilla has Mexican roots and is made by distilling blue agave plant. There are two different kinds of tequillas which are aged and not aged ones. Silver (Blanco) is not aged while Rested (Reposado) and Aged (Anejo) are aged. Gold (Oro/Joven) is however, a mixture of aged and not aged tequillas. Tequillas also have a dried worm at the bottom. Examples of Tequilla are drinks like Margarita, Tequilla Sunrise, Paloma and Bloody Maria. Tequilla is also best consumed with dishes like ceviche, grilled meat or seafood.
Whiskey has many different names like whisky, bourbon, scotch, rye, brandy or cognac due to these different types of liquors being made in different countries. Whiskeys come into two variations which are the gluten-free variation and the original version. The original ones are made from fermented grains while the gluten-free ones are made from corn. Some examples are Whisky Sour, Mint Julep, Hot Toddy and Irish Coffee. Whiskey is best consumed with meat dishes like steak, lamb or turkey.