More Famous Cocktails and Their Origins


This month, we continue last month’s origins of famous cocktails and the ways these drinks have inspired world leaders, artists, poets, films and socialite parties.

  1. The Manhattan

This powerful drink which is also known as “King of Cocktails” is made by mixing whiskey, sweet vermouth, bitters and decorated with maraschino cherry. It is also one of the legendary six classic cocktails included in the famous book, The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks by David Embury.

This drink is said to be first created at the Manhattan Club in New York City in the early 1870s for a banquet hosted by Lady Randolph Churchill, the mother of Winston Churchill to honour presidential candidate Samuel J. Tilden. This drink’s success made it fashionable among powerful people in New York City.

There is also another legend which states that a bartender with the surname of Black created the Manhattan cocktail at a bar on Broadway in New York City sometime in the 1860s. Regardless of which one the true story is, the cocktail is named after the island it came from.

  1. The Mai Tai

This drink is made by mixing white and gold rum, pineapple juice, orange and lime juice and is of American origin. It is said that the drink is invented by Victor Buergon who is also known as “Trader Vic” at his Polynesian-style restaurant in Oakland, California.

It is said that Buergon created the first Mai Tai to honour some of his friends visiting Oakland from Tahiti in 1944. His friends shouted “Maitai roa!” which means very good after he served the cocktail which has rum mixed with fruit juices and orange flavoured liquor and this gave birth to the cocktail which has a history containing controversy.

His rival, Donn Beach who is the founder of tiki restaurants, bars and clubs Donn also claims to be the inventor of Mai Tai in 1933 at his newly opened Hollywood restaurant. This man is also the original founder of Polynesian restaurants which became a trend after WW2. These two men are largely responsible for popularising the drink as they sold the drink in their restaurants. The drink is also associated with Hawaii even though its origins are from California.

  1. Tom Collins

It is said that this drink is named after the founder but no one is ever really sure of whether this drink made from gin, lemon, lime juice and soda water was really created by him or not. Another story says that this cocktail is named after John Collins, a headwaiter at a London Hotel in the early 19th century. This cocktail got its name switched to Tom Collins after Old Tom brand gin was used to replace the drier gin in the original recipe.

Another story depicting the legend of this drink is a prank which took over New York city in 1874 which was something like this. A friend runs into you on the street and overhears Tom Collins at a bar down the street saying hateful and disrespectful things about you. You race down the bar to confront the disrespectful man and you get told that Tom Collins left for another bar several blocks away. When you arrive, Collins would have left for another joint across town. Your friends are roaring with laughter when you chase all over the city. The prank was so notorious to the point that local newspapers started reporting the prank. The Steubenville Daily Herald reported that the prank caused young men to rush wildly through the city’s streets on Saturday to hunt for the disrespectful Tom Collins which they were told they would find at local bars.

This cocktail has become so popular to the point that it has inspired the name of a glass and whenever customers enter a saloon and demand Tom Collins, the bartender immediately serves it to them.

  1. Bloody Mary

It is said that this drink was first invented by George Jessel, a comedian, songwriter and movie producer who is also known as the “Toastmaster General of the United States”. The drink was first created in Palm Beach during the 1950s by mixing tomato juice with vodka to recover from a whole night spent drinking. He even appeared in Smirnoff vodka ads in the 1950s saying that he invented the drink. However, Jessel’s natural ability at promoting himself caused skeptics to search for the drink’s true origin which led them to Fernand “Peter” Petriot, the head bartender at the St.Regis Hotel in New York.

It is said that Petriot was serving Bloody Mary cocktail drinks under the name “Red Snappers” at the hotel’s King Cole Bar in the 1940s. Petriot also claims to be the inventor of this cocktail when it became popular in the 1950s by saying that he created it while working at Harry’s Bar in Paris during the 1920s. In fact, these two men were responsible for creating this drink. Even though Petriot admitted Jessel created it, Petriot also mentioned that he mixed salt, pepper, cayenne and Worcestershire sauce to invent the modern version of Bloody Mary.

  1. The Martini

This is the most popular cocktail and the phrase three-martini lunch has become a well-known phrase created for expensive and long lunches taken by business executives. Different variations of Martini include Appletinis, Vodka martinis and others.

The first Martini drink was called a Martinez to pay respects to the humble town of Martinez, California and first poured sometime between 1862 and 1871 where it was falsely first dreamed up by bartender Julio Richelieu, owner of Julio Richelieu Saloon. That version of the cocktail consists of sweet vermouth, gin, bitters and was decorated with a maraschino cherry. This version eventually paved the road for present day drier versions which includes gin, vermouth and bitters which was said to be popularised when John D. Rockefeller started consuming them at the turn of the 20th century.

The Martini may have originated in the 1860s but the modern version became popular in the 1900s. This drink became the drink of choice in speakeasies during prohibition across the country due to its accessibility and gin production. Drinkers either consumed a gin Martini or no drink at all in pubs or bars. The modern vodka Martini which James Bond’s loyal followers often order (shaken, not stirred) was invented much later and purists claim this version to be ridiculous. This cocktail will always have staying power regardless of the ingredients used to mix and make it.

If there’s anymore you guys would like us to share, do let us know in the comments below!

5 Famous Cocktails And Their Origins


Today we share the origins of world famous cocktails and the ways these drinks have inspired world leaders, artists, poets, films and socialite parties.

  1. The Mojito

This drink is made from white rum, sugar, sugar cane juice, lime, carbonated water and mixed together with mint. The history of this drink goes back to 16th century Cuba and was known as “El Draque” to honour Francis Drake, an explorer and sailor. It is said that the drink was made to conceal the strong taste of tafia, a primal form of rum. When copper stills were introduced during the 19th century, the drink’s taste was greatly improved. Its present-day name supposedly comes from a Cuban sauce by the name of mojo made with garlic, olive oil and citrus juice. The name of the drink eventually turned into Mojito which is one of the most well-known cocktail drinks and great for summer refreshments.

  1. The Singapore Sling

This drink was first created in Singapore and it appears on many drink menus worldwide. The creator goes by the name of Mr Ngiam Tong Boon, a Hainanese Chinese bartender at the Raffles Hotel’s Long Bar in Singapore sometime between 1910 and 1915.

The cocktail is made by mixing gin, cherry brandy and Benedictine equally with dashes of bitters, Cointreau, pineapple, lime juice and grenadine. The recipe was eventually improved in the 20th century by the creator’s nephew. The Raffles Hotel Museum has a safe containing all the secret cocktail recipe books which visitors can view.

This drink today is served in all Singapore Airlines flights and mentioned in movies and books like Hunter S. Thompson’s Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas which has the film’s lead character Raoul Duke talking about drinking “Singapore Slings with mescal on the side.” The original recipe is still available at the Raffles Hotels’s Long Bar for people to order.

  1. The Sidecar

This cocktail has a history of about 100 years old. Equal portions of Cognac, Cointreau and lemon juice are mixed together in this cocktail. The drink’s history is not clearly defined as some say that it was made in Paris when the events of WW1 occurred while others say it was following the events of WW1. The 1948 book, The Fine Art of Mixing Drinks by David A. Embury mentions that the drink was created in Paris by an American Army captain during WW1.

It is also said that the drink’s name was given after the motorcycle sidecar. In this story, the drink was born and christened after the captain was driven to and from the little bistro. Harry’s Bar is the bistro referred to by the author and is often given credit as this cocktail’s birthplace. This cocktail is also said to be first created when the American asked for a cocktail before dinner to soothe the chill he contracted outside. This caused the French bartender to be in a state of predicament. He knew Brandy would be the best choice but refused to serve it after dinner. This resulted in the bartender mixing brandy with the orange flavoured Cointreau and adding fresh lemon juice to concoct the pre-dinner cocktail thus giving birth to the Sidecar.

This cocktail is well-known in countries like England and France. It is also having its popularity reignited and appearing on present day bar menus.

  1. The Pisco Sour

This drink is concocted with ingredients like Pisco, a South American regional brandy and other ingredients in the mix are lemon juice, bitters and egg so its origin is always up for debate.

This drink’s history goes back to the 16th century in which Spanish colonialists in South America distilled grapes to make a cheap version of Spanish brandy. An American expatriate by the name of Victor “Gringo” Morris is given credit for making this drink as a whiskey sour variation at the Morris Bar in Lima. The drink became so popular to the point that main hotels began serving the drink in their bars.

An English steward of a sailing ship which was stopped at the then Peruvian which is now the Chilean port of Iquique in 1872 is given credit for making this drink by mixing regional liquor with limes grown in the same place. Both Peru and Chile celebrate National Pisco Sour Days. In Peru, it is on the first Saturday of February while it is on May 15th in Chile. There are different variations of this drink found worldwide today.

  1. White Russian

Although this drink is not made in Russia, vodka is used to concoct this drink. The classic movie, The Big Lebowiski popularised this drink as the main character named The Dude drinks a steady amount of White Russians. The drink got its name due to vodka being associated with Russia, the nation of its origin.

The mixing of cream, vodka and Kahula in equal parts only started in the 1960s. In 1961, the recipe for “Black Russian” was given without cream by the Diner’s Club Drink Book thus naming it White Russian. This drink has inspired college students today to have a drinking game and imitate “The Dude” from The Big Lebowski in cocktail consumption.

This drink is great for people who drink a lot and for those that don’t really drink.

Love this compilation? We’ll share a few more with you guys next week.

10 Essential Rules For Making Cocktails

  1. Begin with classics

When it comes to making cocktails, it is always good to begin making the classic ones first before experimenting with the newer ones.

  1. Alcohol is paramount

50 ml of the alcohol should be made with spirits while the remaining with other items as it is easy to give the alcohol flavour but difficult to remove its flavour. Therefore, it is best to pour the alcohol into the shaker last.

  1. The second most essential ingredient is ice

Ice is imperative for keeping the drinks chilled as well as providing dilution. The ice needed to make the alcohol should always be more than the alcohol itself.

  1. Mixers are not needed

Necessary ingredients for cocktails are ice, lemons, limes, sugar and such. Ingredients like Diet Coke or concentrated orange juice are not needed.

  1. Keep it simple

Ingredients used to make cocktails should be kept simple. In general, not more than two or three ingredients should be used to make cocktails.

  1. Keep the flavours balanced

The flavours in a cocktail drink should be kept balanced so that one flavour does not dominate the other.

  1. Keep it nice

It is always good to make a cocktail look presentable regardless of whether it is made for yourself or someone else.

  1. Shake only cocktails with fruit in them

Two kinds of cocktails exist, namely aromatic cocktails and sour cocktails. The former contains only alcoholic ingredients while the latter contains ingredients like fruits or cream. The former, which is often dry or bitter should be stirred with ice which dilutes and smoothens its texture. The latter which is creamier should be shook more to dilute and alter its texture. These two variations can also be diluted with water or tea to make long drinks.

  1. All the ingredients matter

Every ingredient used to make a cocktail is essential to ensure the cocktail is of the highest quality possible when it comes to taste.

  1. On the contrary, it also does not really matter at times

When the ingredients used to make cocktail are not mixed correctly, it does not really matter as the whole purpose of drinking a cocktail is to have a good time.

Get To Know Your Liquor

  1. Vodka

Vodka has the lowest calorific value in any liquor. Vodka is not only made in Russia but also in countries like Poland, France and USA. Vodkas made from potatoes, beets, corn and grapes are suitable for people with gluten intolerance. Vodka can be mixed with tonic, seltzer water or cranberry juice. Good examples of vodka are drinks like Screwdriver, Bloody Mary, Martini, Cosmopolitan and Moscow Mule. These drinks pair well with foods like cheese, smoked salmon or pickles.

  1. Rum

Rum has Caribbean origins and is made from sugarcane or molasses. Rum is normally paired with fruity and sweet flavours due to its tropical origins and contains both dark and light varieties but the light ones are more common. Some examples are Cuba Libre, Daquiri, Pina Colada and Mojito. Rum is best consumed with foods like ribs, jerk chicken or sweet potatoes. The dark variety can also be used for cooking.

  1. Gin

Gin has its roots in the Netherlands and is originally used for medicinal purposes. Gin is already naturally flavoured so it does not need that much mixing. A gin needs to be distilled with juniper berries to be truly called a jin. Good examples of Jin are Gin Martini, Tom Collins, Gin Fizz and French 75. Gin is best paired with foods like fruit, cheese and nuts.

  1. Tequilla

Tequilla has Mexican roots and is made by distilling blue agave plant. There are two different kinds of tequillas which are aged and not aged ones. Silver (Blanco) is not aged while Rested (Reposado) and Aged (Anejo) are aged. Gold (Oro/Joven) is however, a mixture of aged and not aged tequillas. Tequillas also have a dried worm at the bottom. Examples of Tequilla are drinks like Margarita, Tequilla Sunrise, Paloma and Bloody Maria. Tequilla is also best consumed with dishes like ceviche, grilled meat or seafood.

  1. Whiskey

Whiskey has many different names like whisky, bourbon, scotch, rye, brandy or cognac due to these different types of liquors being made in different countries. Whiskeys come into two variations which are the gluten-free variation and the original version. The original ones are made from fermented grains while the gluten-free ones are made from corn. Some examples are Whisky Sour, Mint Julep, Hot Toddy and Irish Coffee. Whiskey is best consumed with meat dishes like steak, lamb or turkey.

If you’re looking for online liquor stores with extensive selections, look no further than Dan Murphy’s Australia, Liquorland New Zealand, or Liquor Bar Singapore.

Types Of Wine Grapes

Wine Grapes

Types of white wine grapes

  1. Riesling (Rees-ling)

When it comes to pairing this wine with other foods, it goes well with meats like fish, chicken and pork. The Riesling grape can be found in Germany in all wine districts and America. Germany produces slightly sweet and acidic Rieslings while the ones from Alsace and Eastern USA are similar in terms of aroma but not sweet. California Rieslings are however, sweeter but lack acidity. Riesling wines have the aroma of fresh apples and the taste improves with age. Check this list out for some of the best Riesling.

  1. Gewurztraminer (Gah-vurtz-tra-meener)

This wine is best paired with Asian foods, pork and grill sausages. The grapes can be found in Alsace, Germany, USA West Coast and New York. In terms of taste, it is fruity and contains aromas of rose petal, peach, lychee and allspice. Check out Wine Enthusiast for some recommendations.

  1. Chardonnay (Shar-doe-nay)

This wine is best paired with foods like fish and chicken dishes. The grapes are found Burgundy and this wine often tastes smooth, citrus like fruity with slight amounts of melon, vanilla, warmth and creaminess. Here are some good ones.

  1. Sauvignon blanc (So-vee-nyon Blah)

This wine is best paired with foods like seafood, poultry and salads. The grapes are found in areas like New Zealand, Australia and France. The Australian ones tend to be flat and lack fruit qualities. The ones in France are grown in the Bordeaux district and the upper Loire valley. The wine tastes either fruity or smoky depending on the variations. Here’s a list of some of the best.

Types of red wine grapes

  1. Syrah (Sah-ra or Shi-raz)

This wine is best paired with meats like steak, wild game or stews. The grapes are usually found in France’s Rhone Valley, California and Australia. It varies in its taste as some can taste fruity, coffee like or even hearty and spicy. Here are the award winners for 2018.

  1. Merlot (Mer-lo)

This wine can be paired with any type of food. Its grapes are typically found in the Bordeaux region of France but it is also now grown in the US West Coast, Australia and other countries. It typically has black cherry or herbal like flavours. It is also suitable for people new to red wine. Here are some to start with.

  1. Cabernet Sauvigon (Ka-ber-nay So-vee-nyon)

This wine is best paired with red meat. The grapes can be found wherever red wine grapes grow except for Germany. Its taste is potent when young and tends to get better with age. Some have tastes of vanilla from the oak treatment which overpowers its taste. On a budget? Here are some of the best for below $50.

  1. Pinot Noir (Pee-no Nwar)

This wine is best paired with grilled salmon, chicken, lamb and Japanese dishes. Its grapes are a challenge to grow and is responsible for producing wines in Burgundy, France, Austria, California, Oregon and New Zealand. Its taste is usually soft and fruity. Here are some great starters.




The Top 10 Kinds Of Beer

  1. Ale

These beers are the most popular and are brewed from malted barley. Different varieties like pale, brown, cream and other flavours are available. Some examples are Newcastle Brown Ale and Sierra Nevada Pale Ale.

  1. Lager

These beers are on the lighter side when it comes to flavour and colour. They are also more carbonated which results in them being more frothy. Some examples are Corona and Sapporo.

  1. Pilsner

A few characteristics that define these beers are their crisp body, light colours and drinkability on hot days. Some examples are Becks and Prima Pils.

  1. Stout

These beers are thick, dark and rich as the name implies but not necessarily high in alcohol content. Some examples are Old Rasputin Imperial Stout and Young’s Double Chocolate Stout.

  1. Porter

These beers when consumed are like drinking a loaf of bread. Some examples are, Fuller’s London Porter and Duck-Rabbit Porter.

  1. Bock

These beers belong to the lager family but are usually stronger and sweeter in taste. Some examples are Sam Adams Winter Lager and Anchor Bock Beer.

  1. Weissbier

These are wheat beers brewed in the German style and known for their sweetness. This is done using malted wheat instead of barley resulting in a beer with strong taste. Some examples are Blue Moon and Shock Top.

  1. Lambic

This beer is created using a spontaneous fermentation method by Belgians resulting in a dry, cider-like taste and a strong punch. Some examples are Lindemans Framboise and Cantillon Rose De Gambrinus.

  1. Kolsch

These beers are brewed in such a fashion that it is warm when fermented and aged at cold temperatures. They are pale, clear and bitter in taste. These beers are also widely appreciated among German beer purists. Some examples are Sunner Kolsch and Gaffel Kolsch.

  1. Malt Liquor

This is a type of lager. Some examples are Steel Reserve and Olde English.